How does Open and Distance and eLearning (ODeL) work?
Creating Spaces and Possibilities Through Open and Distance eLearning (ODeL): A Wordlview
There are three domains in open,distance and elearning, each of which has its own definition and origin. Distance education (DE) is a mode of learning in which students and teachers are physically separated from each other, students undertake guided, independent study of specially designed learning materials in various media and two-way communication exists between the teacher and students.
Open learning, on the other hand, is a vision of an educational system accessible to every individual with minimal restrictions. It emphasizes the flexibility of the system to eradicate problems caused by barriers like age, geographical location, time constraints and economic situation.
Open and distance learning (ODL) is therefore a system which combines the methodology of DE with the concepts of open learning and flexible learning.
A more recent concept, e-learning is commonly referred to as the intentional use of networked information and communication technology (ICT) in teaching and learning (Naido, 2006).
Strictly speaking e-learning and ODL are interrelated but not exactly synonymous term. As Guri-Rosenblit (2005) explained, DE in most higher education systems is not delivered through the new electronic media, and vice versa: e-learning in most universities and colleges all over the world is not used for DE purposes.
ODeL draws from the features and affordances provided by open learning, DE, and e-learning -- access and equity, resource sharing, learner-centeredness, flexibility, active learning, interactivity, ubiquity, and connectivity. Some of these features -- like access and equity -- are more intuned with open learning -- others like learner-centeredness, flexibility, and active learning -- are shared by the three domains. Ubiquity, interactivity, and connectivity are more of e-learning contributions.
Creating Spaces and Possibilities through Open and Distance eLearning (ODeL): A Worldview by Grace J. Alfonso published by UP Open University and Philippine Society for Distance Learning. Available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. For more information see www.creativecommons.org
Open and Distance eLearning (ODeL): A Framework for Teaching and Learning in the Digital Era by Grace J. Alfonso. Available under a Creative Commons Attribution. For more information see www.creativecommons.org