N204 – Advanced Pathophysiology
Concepts and principles in the development of diseases and the body’s responses. It describes the natural history of diseases – from the risk and etiologic factors to clinical manifestations and complications – using a conceptual approach from the perspective of human regulatory mechanism.
By the end of the semester, you will be able to:
- Discuss the etiologic and risk factors in development of selected diseases.
- Describe the physiologic changes that occur at the cellular and organ level, and systemic consequences of specific disease states.
- Explain the clinical manifestations of specific diseases.
- Formulate relevant nursing diagnoses and collaborative problems that arise from the physiologic alterations.
- Develop specific nursing actions aimed at addressing identified problems.
- Develop criteria to evaluate nursing actions.
- Maximize critical thinking skills using pathophysiological concepts through learned nursing theories, research, and technologies to current issues and challenges affecting nursing care.
- Provide safe and holistic care by correctly assessing, interpreting, and developing appropriate high-level nursing care plans for clients with diseases across the lifespan in collaboration with other medical professionals.
- Elaborate pathophysiological conditions using suitable communication terms with patients from all walks of life.
- Relate pharmacological interventions in various disease conditions and be able to confidently discuss it during health teachings.
UNIT I – Alterations in Adaptive and Protective Mechanisms
Module 1: Adaptive and Regulatory Mechanism
Module 2: Cellular Functions: An Overview
Module 3: Alterations in Protective Mechanism: Inflammation and Infection
Module 4: Alterations in Protective Mechanism: Immune Responses
Module 5: Alterations in Protective Mechanism: Cellular Aberration
UNIT II – Alterations in Oxygenation
Module 6: Alterations in Oxygenation: An Overview
Module 7: Alterations in Oxygen-Carrying Capacity
Module 8: Alterations in Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Module 9: Chronic Pulmonary Diseases
Module 10: Alterations in Cardiac Output and Heart Failure
Module 11: Alterations in Circulation and Tissue Perfusion
Unit III – Alterations in Fluid and Electrolytes Balance
Module 12: Overview of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
Module13: Alterations in Fluid Volume
Module 14: Alterations in Osmolality of Body Fluid (Osmotic Imbalances)
Module 15: Alterations in Ionic Concentration (Compositional Changes)
Module 16: Alterations in Acid-Base Balance
Module 17: Renal and Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances
UNIT IV – Alterations in Perception and Coordination
Module 18: Concepts of Perception and Coordination
Module 19: Increased Intracranial Pressures, Seizures and Stroke
Module 20: Pain
Module 21: Alterations in Mobility
Module 22: Alterations in Visual-Auditory and Sensory Perception
UNIT V – Alterations in Metabolism and Nutrition
Module 23: Concepts on Metabolism, Endocrine Functions and Nutrition
Module 24: Alterations in Gastrointestinal Functions: Ingestion and Transportation
Module 25: Alterations in Gastrointestinal Functions: Digestion and Absorption
Module 26: Alterations in Gastrointestinal Functions: Elimination
Module 27: Alterations in Glucose Metabolism
Module 28: Alterations in Thyroid Metabolism
UNIT VI – Alterations in Reproduction
Module 29: Impaired Fertility
Module 30: Alterations of the Feta-Placental Unit